Well, fortunately you can experiment for yourself easily enough and form your own opinions. Now if you choose not to, what else do you have to go on? If you can answer this question, perhaps you can put your own list together, lol! :ganz+1!
In regards to strings, I find that the biggest difference is in composition, if we're talking round wounds. For instance, steel-wrapped strings sound a lot different than nickel-wrapped. They also wreck your frets unless you play a Parker Fly
I've been playing guitar since I was 7. I've played everything under the sun. I am also totally on-board with JoeV on this. There's a lot of cork-sniffing and hurt feelings when somebody can't actually see the Emperor's new clothes, whether it be tenon length, bumblebee caps, or little pictures of Jesus concealed under the pickup cavities. I think it would be nice to separate the BS from the fact, and actually compile a list of things that WILL alter your guitar's tone, rather than your perception of your guitar's tone.